Jute – A crop which is cultivated mainly in the Bengal Delta, most of which is occupied by Bangladesh. Jute fibers are extracted from plants through various stages such as retting, stripping, washing and drying. The color of jute varies from light tan to brown and it can be easily bleached or dyed.
Globally jute is the second most important vegetable fibre after cotton in regard to terms of usage, production, and availability. Jute fibre is a totally natural biodegradable and compostable fibre obtained from the jute plant and it is therefore an extremely attractive renewable resource for those who give top priority to environmental and ecological concerns.
Bangladeshi jute known as ‘golden fibre’ because of the quality of jute it produced. For centuries, Bangladeshi Jute dominate the world market for its higher quality fibers. JUTE was the single most important export item of Bangladesh till the end of 1980s. Still jute is one of the largest export oriented industries in Bangladesh and its contribution to the national economy is significant. According to the Bangladesh Jute Mills Corporation, major destinations of Bangladesh’s jute goods export are Middle East, African Countries, European countries, South East Asia, Australia and USA.